About two-thirds of the 17,000 adults in the original study had experienced at least one of the ten ACEs identified in the study, and over a third had experienced two or more. It also showed that ACEs affect all communities, regardless of race, culture, or socio-economic status. Later studies showed some populations are more greatly affected than others.
Toxic stress literally changes a child’s brain and body in ways that can increase our risk of illness, and make life more challenging, whether or not we’re engaging in high-risk behaviors.
The higher our number, the greater the probability we may experience the effects. ACEs are strongly associated with 9 out of the 10 leading causes of death in the U.S. and over 40 common health conditions.
The discovery of a link between ACEs and the probability of negative health – and life — outcomes prompted a paradigm shift. Childhood adversity could no longer be swept under the rug; it affects so many of us, can have serious short and long-term impacts, and is heavily influenced by systemic factors and our living conditions. The effects of toxic stress brought on by ACEs have societal, health and well-being, and economic costs that affect millions of people and cost billions of dollars in the United States alone.
ACES AND TOXIC STRESS CARRY A HIGH COST IN TERMS OF HEALTH.
ACEs are strongly associated with 9 out of 10 of the leading causes of death in the United States, and risk increases with each category a child is exposed to.
ACES AND TOXIC STRESS CARRY A HIGH COST FOR SOCIETY.
The report estimates that ACE-related healthcare expenses may cost over $1.2 trillion over the next 10 years in California alone. And that’s only looking at eight of the most common ACE-associated health conditions.
ACES IMPACT ALL COMMUNITIES, BUT SOME POPULATIONS ARE AFFECTED MORE.
Additional studies have shown a higher prevalence of ACEs in marginalized communities and cultures, such as those most impacted by racism and poverty.
SEVERAL ACE-ASSOCIATED HEALTH CONDITIONS (LIKE HEART DISEASE, DIABETES, AND OBESITY) INCREASE RISK OF ADVERSE OUTCOMES WITH COVID-19.
A BLUEPRINT FOR ADDRESSING ACES.